1. Supporting the creation of new jobs - crediting
The low-interest credits are granted to SME's, co-operatives, family associations, natural persons authorized to carry-out independent activities and to unemployed setting-up companies in view of creating new jobs, out of which minimum 50% for unemployed persons. NAE's credits have the most advantageous interest on the market.
For the counties where the annual average unemployment rate is lower or equal to the annual average unemployment rate at national level, the credits are granted with an interest of 50% of the reference interest set by the National Bank of Romania. For counties where the annual unemployment rate is higher than the average unemployment rate at national level, the credits are granted with an interest of 25% of the reference interest set by the National Bank of Romania. In 2002 the amount granted for a newly created job was of 75 million ROL, in 2003, 2004 and 2005 it was of 100 million ROL. The amount grew in 2006 at 200.000.000 ROL, or 20.000 RON for eachi new created job.
The companies benefit from credits for three main categories of expenditures, as follows:
1. capital expenditures - endowment with machines and equipment, work installations, improvements and endowment, means of transport, computers, etc;
2. financing the supplies of row materials, materials, and inventory items;
3. both above.
The credits for capital expenditures may cover up to 75% of the value of the presented projects. The period for which credits are granted for capital expenditures is of up to 3 years, and for raw materials and materials is of 1 year.
The pre-lay-off services
In the case of restructuring of the activity, which may lead to substantial changes in the number of professional structure of the staff, the employers have the obligation to notify the agencies for employment in view of carrying-out measures for fighting unemployment and for preventing the negative social effects of such restructuring.
Thus, the employers are obliged to give a notice, according to the provisions of the Labour Code or of the collective labour agreement, to the employees who are to be laid-off. During the notice period the employees will participate in pre-lay-off services offered by the agencies for employment.
In order to provide support for the persons affected by the economic restructuring, the employers have the obligation to notify the county agencies for employment at least 30 days before giving the notices provided by the law.
The county agencies for employment, with their own staff, may perform the following activities:
- information an the legal provisions on the protection of the unemployed and on the provision of employment and vocational training services;
- placement on the vacancies existing on local level;
- training on job-search techniques;
- vocational re-orientation inside the company or by short term vocational training courses;
- exploring the opinion of the employees and their counseling on the measures for fighting unemployment.
The pre-lay-off services may also be provided to other persons who are at risk of becoming unemployed.